A new player in the beneficial effects of exercise on the aged brain.

Llorens-Martín M.

Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy.
doi: 10.1038/s41392-020-00305-5.

In a recent article in Science, Horowitz et al. identify glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-degrading enzyme Gpld1 as the most critical player in the blood that can transfer the effects of exercise on adult neurogenesis and cognition to sedentary aged mice. They also demonstrate the importance of this liver-to-brain axis in ameliorating age-related regenerative and cognitive impairments.

Unraveling human adult hippocampal neurogenesis.

Flor-García M, Terreros-Roncal J, Moreno-Jiménez EP, Ávila J, Rábano A, Llorens-Martín M.

Nature Protocols.
doi: 10.1038/s41596-019-0267-y.

Adult neurogenesis occurs in a few selected regions of the mammalian brain. One such region is the hippocampus, the so-called gateway to memory, where adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) occurs. Here, we provide a comprehensive description of the methods used in our laboratory to unambiguously detect a population of immature neurons in the human hippocampus until the 10th decade of life. The criteria used to refine and develop the current protocol include obtaining post-mortem human samples of remarkable quality and under tightly controlled conditions for immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies, optimizing tissue processing and histological procedures, establishing criteria to reliably validate antibody signal and performing unbiased stereological cell counts. Moreover, we provide a detailed description of the parameters that, in our view, should be reported in human AHN studies. The opposing results obtained by introducing slight variations in the methodological conditions should be considered by future studies that seek to increase our knowledge of this fascinating process. By applying simple and inexpensive tissue pre-treatments, this protocol, which can be completed in 7 days, might be applicable to a variety of IHC studies performed on other tissues of human (or animal) origin.


Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CBMSO) Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Campus de Cantoblanco)
C/ Nicolás Cabrera 1 - 28049 Madrid (Spain)

María Llorens-Martín (PI)
+34 911964632